The soul in many religions, philosophical and mythological traditions, is the incorporeal and immortal essence of a living being. According to Abrahamic religions, only human beings have immortal souls. For example, the Catholic theologian Thomas Aquinas attributed "soul" (anima) to all organisms but argued that only human souls are immortal. Other religions (most notably Jainism and Hinduism) teach that all biological organisms have souls, while some teach that even non-biological entities (such as rivers and mountains) possess souls. This latter belief is called animism.
Greek philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle understood that the psyche (ψυχή) must have a logical faculty, the exercise of which was the most divine of human actions. At his defense trial, Socrates even summarized his teaching as nothing other than an exhortation for his fellow Athenians to excel in matters of the psyche since all bodily goods are dependent on such excellence (The Apology 30a–b).
Anima mundi is the concept of a "world soul" connecting all living organisms on the planet.
The Jīva or Atman (/ˈɑːtmən/; Sanskrit:आत्मन्) is a philosophical term used within Jainism to identify the soul. It is one's true self (hence generally translated into English as 'Self') beyond identification with the phenomenal reality of worldly existence. As per the Jain cosmology, jīva or soul is also the principle of sentience and is one of the tattvas or one of the fundamental substances forming part of the universe. According to The Theosophist, "some religionists hold that Atman (Spirit) and Paramatman (God) are one, while others assert that they are distinct ; but a Jain will say that Atman and Paramatman are one as well as distinct." In Jainism, spiritual disciplines, such as abstinence, aid in freeing the jīva "from the body by diminishing and finally extinguishing the functions of the body."
Jain philosophy is essentially dualistic. It differentiates two substances, the self and the non-self.
According to the Jain text, Samayasāra (The Nature of the Self):-
Addictive are an English musical duo based in Northwich, Cheshire, signed to 2NV Records, and consists of members Louise Bagan and Aisha Stuart. Both of them had plenty of singing experience, honing their skills in gospel choirs and talent shows.
Both of the members have collaborated with several hit making songwriters and record producers including Gordon Chambers, 88-Keys and Andy Chatterley. The duo have had minor success with the club anthem "Gonna Be Mine". It made #1 as the MTV Base video for 3 consecutive weeks, the #1 MTV Dance video for 2 weeks, and #3 in the BBC Radio 1 Dance Chart. The single reached Number 47 in the Official UK Singles Chart as well.
The duo's next single, "Domino Effect" was recorded and mixed by Simon Gogerly, and the accompanying video was directed by Andy Hylton. The track was released on 19 October 2009.
Domino Effect was rated ‘single of the week’ by Now magazine, and was awarded 4/5 stars by Heat magazine and 5/5 stars by DJ magazine.
"Addictive" is a 2002 single recorded by Truth Hurts for Dr. Dre's Aftermath label. One of the label's few R&B hits, "Addictive" features a guest rap from Rakim, and is based on a Hindi music sample, which eventually brought on a $500 million lawsuit against Aftermath. The song was her only one to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number nine, and selling over 600,000 copies in the US. It was also a top five hit in UK, France and Switzerland, and went gold in several countries.
Steve "Static" Garrett wrote the song's lyrics, and the record was produced by DJ Quik. Quik sampled for its instrumental track a Hindi-song he heard on television early one morning. The sample turned out to be "Thoda Resham Lagta Hai", a 1981 song by Indian singer Lata Mangeshkar, which Aftermath neglected to clear the rights to. Copyright holders Saregama India, Ltd. issued a cease-and-desist order, which went unheeded. On September 12, 2002, Saregama filed a $500 million lawsuit against Aftermath and parent company Universal Music Group, and filed an injunction to prevent further performances or broadcasts of the "Addictive" song.